<


 

//11월 17일 랩실 교육
//함수두개를 만든다. 덧셈과 빼기
//메인 함수에서 호출하여 출력하도록 한다.

#include <stdio.h>

int add(int a,int b) //합을 계산하여 출력하는 함수 선언 및 정의
{
 printf("합 : %d\n",a+b);

 return add;
}

int div(int a, int b)//차를 계산하여 출력하는 함수 선언 및 정의
{
 printf("차 : %d\n",a-b);
 
 return div;
}

main()
{
 add(10,5); //add()함수에 값 호출
 div(10,5); //add()함수에 값 호출
}

/*결과
합 : 15
차 : 5
*/


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/* ether-wake.c: Send a magic packet to wake up sleeping machines. */

static char version_msg[] =
"ether-wake.c: v1.08 3/31/2003 Donald Becker, http://www.scyld.com/";
static char brief_usage_msg[] =
"usage: ether-wake [-i <ifname>] [-p aa:bb:cc:dd[:ee:ff]] 00:11:22:33:44:55\n"
"   Use '-u' to see the complete set of options.\n";
static char usage_msg[] =
"usage: ether-wake [-i <ifname>] [-p aa:bb:cc:dd[:ee:ff]] 00:11:22:33:44:55

This program generates and transmits a Wake-On-LAN (WOL)
\"Magic Packet\", used for restarting machines that have been
soft-powered-down (ACPI D3-warm state).
It currently generates the standard AMD Magic Packet format, with
an optional password appended.

The single required parameter is the Ethernet MAC (station) address
of the machine to wake or a host ID with known NSS 'ethers' entry.
The MAC address may be found with the 'arp' program while the target
machine is awake.

Options:
  -b Send wake-up packet to the broadcast address.
  -D Increase the debug level.
  -i ifname Use interface IFNAME instead of the default 'eth0'.
  -p <pw>  Append the four or six byte password PW to the packet.
     A password is only required for a few adapter types.
     The password may be specified in ethernet hex format
     or dotted decimal (Internet address)
  -p 00:22:44:66:88:aa
  -p 192.168.1.1
";

/*
This program generates and transmits a Wake-On-LAN (WOL) "Magic Packet",
used for restarting machines that have been soft-powered-down
(ACPI D3-warm state).  It currently generates the standard AMD Magic Packet
format, with an optional password appended.

This software may be used and distributed according to the terms
of the GNU Public License, incorporated herein by reference.
Contact the author for use under other terms.

This source file was originally part of the network tricks package, and
is now distributed to support the Scyld Beowulf system.
Copyright 1999-2003 Donald Becker and Scyld Computing Corporation.

The author may be reached as becker@scyld, or C/O
  Scyld Computing Corporation
  410 Severn Ave., Suite 210
  Annapolis MD 21403

  Notes:
  On some systems dropping root capability allows the process to be
  dumped, traced or debugged.
  If someone traces this program, they get control of a raw socket.
  Linux handles this safely, but beware when porting this program.

  An alternative to needing 'root' is using a UDP broadcast socket, however
  doing so only works with adapters configured for unicast broadcast Rx
  filter.  That configuration consumes more power.
*/

#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <string.h>

#if 0       /* Only exists on some versions. */
#include <ioctls.h>
#endif

#include <sys/socket.h>

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <linux/if.h>

#include <features.h>
#if __GLIBC__ >= 2 && __GLIBC_MINOR >= 1
#include <netpacket/packet.h>
#include <net/ethernet.h>
#else
#include <asm/types.h>
#include <linux/if_packet.h>
#include <linux/if_ether.h>
#endif
#include <netdb.h>
#include <netinet/ether.h>

/* Grrr, no consistency between include versions.
   Enable this if setsockopt() isn't declared with your library. */
#if 0
extern int setsockopt __P ((int __fd, int __level, int __optname,
       __ptr_t __optval, int __optlen));
#else    /* New, correct head files.  */
#include <sys/socket.h>
#endif
#ifdef USE_SENDMSG
#include <iovec.h>
#endif

u_char outpack[1000];
int outpack_sz = 0;
int debug = 0;
u_char wol_passwd[6];
int wol_passwd_sz = 0;

static int opt_no_src_addr = 0, opt_broadcast = 0;

static int get_dest_addr(const char *arg, struct ether_addr *eaddr);
static int get_fill(unsigned char *pkt, struct ether_addr *eaddr);
static int get_wol_pw(const char *optarg);

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
char *ifname = "eth0";
int one = 1;    /* True, for socket options. */
int s;      /* Raw socket */
int errflag = 0, verbose = 0, do_version = 0;
int perm_failure = 0;
int i, c, pktsize;
#if defined(PF_PACKET)
struct sockaddr_ll whereto;
#else
struct sockaddr whereto; /* who to wake up */
#endif
struct ether_addr eaddr;

while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "bDi:p:uvV")) != -1)
  switch (c) {
  case 'b': opt_broadcast ; break;
  case 'D': debug ;   break;
  case 'i': ifname = optarg; break;
  case 'p': get_wol_pw(optarg); break;
  case 'u': printf(usage_msg); return 0;
  case 'v': verbose ;  break;
  case 'V': do_version ;  break;
  case '?':
   errflag ;
  }
if (verbose || do_version)
  printf("%s\n", version_msg);
if (errflag) {
  fprintf(stderr, brief_usage_msg);
  return 3;
}

if (optind == argc) {
  fprintf(stderr, "Specify the Ethernet address as 00:11:22:33:44:55.\n");
  return 3;
}

/* Note: PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_UDP would allow SIOCGIFHWADDR to
    work as non-root, but we need SOCK_PACKET to specify the Ethernet
    destination address. */
#if defined(PF_PACKET)
s = socket(PF_PACKET, SOCK_RAW, 0);
#else
s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_PACKET, SOCK_PACKET);
#endif
if (s < 0) {
  if (errno == EPERM)
   fprintf(stderr, "ether-wake: This program must be run as root.\n");
  else
   perror("ether-wake: socket");
  perm_failure ;
}
/* Don't revert if debugging allows a normal user to get the raw socket. */
setuid(getuid());

/* We look up the station address before reporting failure so that
    errors may be reported even when run as a normal user.
*/
if (get_dest_addr(argv[optind], &eaddr) != 0)
  return 3;
if (perm_failure && ! debug)
  return 2;

pktsize = get_fill(outpack, &eaddr);

/* Fill in the source address, if possible.
    The code to retrieve the local station address is Linux specific. */
if (! opt_no_src_addr) {
  struct ifreq if_hwaddr;
  unsigned char *hwaddr = if_hwaddr.ifr_hwaddr.sa_data;

  strcpy(if_hwaddr.ifr_name, ifname);
  if (ioctl(s, SIOCGIFHWADDR, &if_hwaddr) < 0) {
   fprintf(stderr, "SIOCGIFHWADDR on %s failed: %s\n", ifname,
     strerror(errno));
   /* Magic packets still work if our source address is bogus, but
      we fail just to be anal. */
   return 1;
  }
  memcpy(outpack 6, if_hwaddr.ifr_hwaddr.sa_data, 6);

  if (verbose) {
   printf("The hardware address (SIOCGIFHWADDR) of %s is type %d  "
       "%2.2x:%2.2x:%2.2x:%2.2x:%2.2x:%2.2x.\n", ifname,
       if_hwaddr.ifr_hwaddr.sa_family, hwaddr[0], hwaddr[1],
       hwaddr[2], hwaddr[3], hwaddr[4], hwaddr[5]);
  }
}

if (wol_passwd_sz > 0) {
  memcpy(outpack pktsize, wol_passwd, wol_passwd_sz);
  pktsize = wol_passwd_sz;
}

if (verbose > 1) {
  printf("The final packet is: ");
  for (i = 0; i < pktsize; i )
   printf(" %2.2x", outpack[i]);
  printf(".\n");
}

/* This is necessary for broadcasts to work */
if (setsockopt(s, SOL_SOCKET, SO_BROADCAST, (char *)&one, sizeof(one)) < 0)
  perror("setsockopt: SO_BROADCAST");

#if defined(PF_PACKET)
{
  struct ifreq ifr;
  strncpy(ifr.ifr_name, ifname, sizeof(ifr.ifr_name));
  if (ioctl(s, SIOCGIFINDEX, &ifr) == -1) {
   fprintf(stderr, "SIOCGIFINDEX on %s failed: %s\n", ifname,
     strerror(errno));
   return 1;
  }
  memset(&whereto, 0, sizeof(whereto));
  whereto.sll_family = AF_PACKET;
  whereto.sll_ifindex = ifr.ifr_ifindex;
  /* The manual page incorrectly claims the address must be filled.
     We do so because the code may change to match the docs. */
  whereto.sll_halen = ETH_ALEN;
  memcpy(whereto.sll_addr, outpack, ETH_ALEN);

}
#else
whereto.sa_family = 0;
strcpy(whereto.sa_data, ifname);
#endif

if ((i = sendto(s, outpack, pktsize, 0, (struct sockaddr *)&whereto,
     sizeof(whereto))) < 0)
  perror("sendto");
else if (debug)
  printf("Sendto worked ! %d.\n", i);

#ifdef USE_SEND
if (bind(s, &whereto, sizeof(whereto)) < 0)
  perror("bind");
else if (send(s, outpack, 100, 0) < 0)
  perror("send");
#endif
#ifdef USE_SENDMSG
{
  struct msghdr msghdr;
  struct iovec iovector[1];
  msghdr.msg_name = &whereto;
  msghdr.msg_namelen = sizeof(whereto);
  msghdr.msg_iov = iovector;
  msghdr.msg_iovlen = 1;
  iovector[0].iov_base = outpack;
  iovector[0].iov_len = pktsize;
  if ((i = sendmsg(s, &msghdr, 0)) < 0)
   perror("sendmsg");
  else if (debug)
   printf("sendmsg worked, %d (%d).\n", i, errno);
}
#endif

return 0;
}

/* Convert the host ID string to a MAC address.
   The string may be a
Host name
    IP address string
MAC address string
*/

static int get_dest_addr(const char *hostid, struct ether_addr *eaddr)
{
struct ether_addr *eap;

eap = ether_aton(hostid);
if (eap) {
  *eaddr = *eap;
  if (debug)
   fprintf(stderr, "The target station address is %s.\n",
     ether_ntoa(eaddr));
} else if (ether_hostton(hostid, eaddr) == 0) {
  if (debug)
   fprintf(stderr, "Station address for hostname %s is %s.\n",
     hostid, ether_ntoa(eaddr));
} else {
  (void)fprintf(stderr,
       "ether-wake: The Magic Packet host address must be "
       "specified as\n"
       "  - a station address, 00:11:22:33:44:55, or\n"
       "  - a hostname with a known 'ethers' entry.\n");
  return -1;
}
return 0;
}


static int get_fill(unsigned char *pkt, struct ether_addr *eaddr)
{
int offset, i;
unsigned char *station_addr = eaddr->ether_addr_octet;

if (opt_broadcast)
  memset(pkt 0, 0xff, 6);
else
  memcpy(pkt, station_addr, 6);
memcpy(pkt 6, station_addr, 6);
pkt[12] = 0x08;    /* Or 0x0806 for ARP, 0x8035 for RARP */
pkt[13] = 0x42;
offset = 14;

memset(pkt offset, 0xff, 6);
offset = 6;

for (i = 0; i < 16; i ) {
  memcpy(pkt offset, station_addr, 6);
  offset = 6;
}
if (debug) {
  fprintf(stderr, "Packet is ");
  for (i = 0; i < offset; i )
   fprintf(stderr, " %2.2x", pkt[i]);
  fprintf(stderr, ".\n");
}
return offset;
}

static int get_wol_pw(const char *optarg)
{
int passwd[6];
int byte_cnt;
int i;

byte_cnt = sscanf(optarg, "%2x:%2x:%2x:%2x:%2x:%2x",
       &passwd[0], &passwd[1], &passwd[2],
       &passwd[3], &passwd[4], &passwd[5]);
if (byte_cnt < 4)
  byte_cnt = sscanf(optarg, "%d.%d.%d.%d",
        &passwd[0], &passwd[1], &passwd[2], &passwd[3]);
if (byte_cnt < 4) {
  fprintf(stderr, "Unable to read the Wake-On-LAN password.\n");
  return 0;
}
printf(" The Magic packet password is %2.2x %2.2x %2.2x %2.2x (%d).\n",
     passwd[0], passwd[1], passwd[2], passwd[3], byte_cnt);
for (i = 0; i < byte_cnt; i )
  wol_passwd[i] = passwd[i];
return wol_passwd_sz = byte_cnt;
}

#if 0
{
to = (struct sockaddr_in *)&whereto;
to->sin_family = AF_INET;
if (inet_aton(target, &to->sin_addr)) {
  hostname = target;
}
memset (&sa, 0, sizeof sa);
sa.sa_family = AF_INET;
strncpy (sa.sa_data, interface, sizeof sa.sa_data);
sendto (sock, buf, bufix len, 0, &sa, sizeof sa);
strncpy (sa.sa_data, interface, sizeof sa.sa_data);
#if 1
sendto (sock, buf, bufix len, 0, &sa, sizeof sa);
#else
bind (sock, &sa, sizeof sa);
connect();
send (sock, buf, bufix len, 0);
#endif
}
#endif


/*
* Local variables:
*  compile-command: "gcc -O -Wall -o ether-wake ether-wake.c"
*  c-indent-level: 4
*  c-basic-offset: 4
*  c-indent-level: 4
*  tab-width: 4
* End:
*/




출처 : http://www.scyld.com/expert/wake-on-lan.html

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wol

// http://sourceforge.net/projects/wakeonlan/
// WakeOnLan - commandline application to start computers via wake on lan enbaled
// network interface card.
// Author: erik.tornstam@home.se
// Copyright: erik.tornstam@home.se

#include "stdio.h"
#include "iostream.h"
#include "winsock2.h"

#define DEFAULT_BROADCAST "255.255.255.255"
#define DEFAULT_PORT 32767

parse_mac(unsigned char *mac, char *str)
{
    int i;
    int count;
    char c;
    unsigned char val;
    int separator_ok = 1;

    for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
  mac[i] = 0;
    }

    for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
  count = 0;
  val   = 0;
  do {
   c = toupper(*str++);
   if (c >= '0' && c <= '9')
   {
    val = (val * 16) + (c - '0');
   }
   else if (c >= 'A' && c <= 'F')
   {
    val = (val * 16) + (c - 'A') + 10;
   }
   else if (c == '-' || c == ':')
   {
   if (separator_ok || count-- != 0)
    break;
   }
   else if (c == '\0')
   {
    str--;
    break;
   }
   else
   {
    return 0;
   }
   separator_ok=1;
  } while (++count < 2);

  separator_ok=(count<2);
  *mac++ = val;
    }

    if (*str)
  return 0;

    return 1;
}

int wakeup(char * sMacAddr, char * sBroadcast, int iPort)
{
 WSADATA wsaData;
 int   s;
 struct sockaddr_in bcast;
 char msg[1024];
    int  msglen = 0;
 unsigned char macaddr[6];

 if (! parse_mac(macaddr, sMacAddr) )
 {
  cerr << "Illegal MAC address" << endl;
  return -1;
    }

 for (int i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
  msg[msglen++] = (char)0xff;
    }

    for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
  for (int j = 0; j < sizeof(macaddr); j++) {
   msg[msglen++] = macaddr[j];
  }
    }

 if (!WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(1, 1), &wsaData))
 {
  if ((s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0)) != INVALID_SOCKET)
  { 
   memset((char *)&bcast,0,sizeof(bcast));
   bcast.sin_family=AF_INET;
   bcast.sin_addr.s_addr=inet_addr(sBroadcast);
   bcast.sin_port=htons(iPort);

   if ( connect(s,(struct sockaddr *)&bcast,16)== -1)
   {
    cerr << "Cannot connect socket" << endl;
    return -2;
   }

   sendto(s, (const char *)&msg, msglen, 0, (struct sockaddr *)&bcast, sizeof(bcast));
   closesocket(s);
  }
  else
  {
   cerr << "Error getting socket" << endl;
  }

  WSACleanup();
  return(0);
 }
 else
  return -3;
}

void printHelp(char * argv[])
{
 cout << "WakeOnLan (c) erik.tornstam@home.se" << endl;
 cout << "Sends a WakeOnLan packet to a network." << endl << endl;
 cout << "Usage: " << argv[0] << " -a macaddress [-b broadcast address] [-p port] " << endl << endl;
 cout << "\t-a\tMAC-address of NIC to wake.  (00-04-00-c8-85-2d)" << endl;
 cout << "\t-b\tBroadcast address, default address is " << DEFAULT_BROADCAST << endl;
 cout << "\t-p\tPort number, default port is " << DEFAULT_PORT << endl;
}

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
 char macaddress[20] = "";
 char broadcast[20] = DEFAULT_BROADCAST;
 int port = DEFAULT_PORT;
 int argcnt=0;

 for(int c=1; c
 {
  if(stricmp("-a",argv[c])==0 && (argc > c+1) && argv[c+1][0]!='-')
  {
   strcpy(macaddress,argv[c+1]);
   argcnt++;
  }
  if(stricmp("-b",argv[c])==0 && (argc > c+1) && argv[c+1][0]!='-')
  {
   strcpy(broadcast,argv[c+1]);
   argcnt++;
  }
  if(stricmp("-p",argv[c])==0 && (argc > c+1) && argv[c+1][0]!='-')
  {
   port=atoi(argv[c+1]);
   argcnt++;
  }
 }

 if(argcnt < 1 || strcmp(macaddress,"")==0)
 {
  printHelp(argv);
  return -1;
 }
 cout << "Wakeupcall to " << macaddress << " broadcast over " << broadcast << " on port " << port << endl;
 wakeup(macaddress, broadcast, port);

 return 0;
}

출처 : http://visitagain.tistory.com/tag/WOL
VS2005 C++로 컴파일 해봤음, 오류남. ..

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1. 레지스트 편집기를 연다.
2. "HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft]Windows\InternetSettings\Zones" 로 이동한다.
3. 해당 경로의 하위에 "1000"이름의 키를 생성한다.
4. 생선된 키에 "1207"이름의 DWORD값을 생성, 값은 기본값인 "0"으로 한다.
5. VisualStudio를 재 실행하여 정상 동작 여부를 확인한다.

참고글 : http://blogs.msdn.com/vcblog/archive/2009/03/28/some-vs2005-and-vs2008-wizards-pop-up-script-error.aspx

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비주얼 컴포넌트(Visual Component)
  • 컨트롤 컴포넌트
  • 레이아웃 컨테이너 컴포넌트
  • 네비게이터 컴포넌트
  • 커스텀 컴포넌트
  • 차트 컴포넌트


넌비주얼 컴포넌트(Non-visual Component)
  • <mx:Script>
  • <mx:Model>
  • <mx:XML>
  • <mx:Array>

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